В Японии введут единый налог на пиво

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Министерство Японии собирается ввести единый налог на солодосодержащие напитки, а также впервые за 110 лет внести изменение в понятие «пиво».

Сейчас налог на 350-миллиметровую банку настоящего пива составляет 77 иен ($0,64), а на банку хаппосю (буквально «пенистое сакэ») с содержанием солода менее 25% — 47 иен ($0,37). Кроме того, есть пиво без содержания солода с налогом в 28 иен ($0,23). В результате, чтобы не платить больше налогов, японские пивоваренные компании стали экономить на солоде, чаще производя солодосодержащие напитки, которые лишь имитируют пиво.

В министерстве финансов Японии заметили, что рост потребления пива с низким содержанием солода приведет к снижению доходов государства от налогов, поэтому в ведомстве решили ввести единый налог на все эти напитки. Отмечается, что он составит 55 иен  ($0,46).

Но для этого придется изменить само определение к слову «пиво»: так, будет снижена допустимая доля солода и разрешено, например, добавление апельсиновых корок.

Эти изменения будет внесены впервые с 1908 года, когда в Японии было официально закреплено следующее определение: пиво — это напиток, сделанный из хмеля и солода, с содержанием последнего не менее 67%.

В Японии налог на пиво гораздо выше, чем в других странах: например, в 17 раз выше, чем в Германии и в 10 раз выше, чем в США. Так сложилось исторически, поскольку пенный напиток ввозился в Японию в качестве эксклюзивного товара.

Виктор Бойчук

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