52% россиян считают, что дальнейшее повышение акцизов на алкоголь приведет к употреблению некачественного алкоголя и суррогатов

ПИВО

С 11 марта 2013 года в России вступил в силу приказ Росалкогольрегулирования о повышении минимальной розничной цены на водку, коньяк и бренди.

Теперь минимальная стоимость полулитровой бутылки водки в розницу составит 199 рублей вместо 170 руб. Коньяк подорожает с 280 руб. до 322 руб. за 0,5 л, а бренди — с 250 руб. до 293 рублей.

На 1 августа 2014 года запланировано еще одно повышение ценбутылка водки в розницу будет стоить минимум 220 рублей. Цены на коньяк и бренди при этом останутся прежними.

Всероссийский центр изучения общественного мнения (ВЦИОМ) провел опрос, как относятся россияне к очередному подорожанию сорокоградусной – самого популярного среди жителей алкогольного напитка (63% от всего потребляемого спиртного – ВОЗ, 2011). В опросе приняли участие порядка 1600 респондентов из 42 регионов страны.

В результате исследования выяснилось, что пьют пиво  1 раз в неделю и чаще 12% респондентов и столько же опрошенных позволяют себе «выпить баночку янтарного» примерно раз в месяц. 

В то же время раз в месяц предпочитают вино другим алкогольным напитком порядка 15% населения, а не грешат «бухнуть» чего–либо покрепче (в основном водки или самогона) – 11%.

Наименьшей популярностью у россиян пользуются коктейли и коньяк: их никогда не пробовали 80% и 60% опрошенных соответственно.

 

 

Респонденты, приобретавшие водку в последние полгода, чаще всего делали это в больших супермаркетах (28%), в магазинах «шаговой доступности» около дома или работы (23%). И только 8% участников опроса покупали крепкий алкоголь в специализированных магазинах.

Еще 2% опрошенных заявили, что приобретали водку в палатках и киосках, несмотря на то, что в настоящее время продажа алкогольной продукции в подобных местах запрещена.

Половина респондентов (50%) не совершала подобных покупок в последнее время.

 

 

 

По мнению россиян, дальнейшее повышение акцизов на алкоголь приведет к увеличению потребления некачественного алкоголя (в т.ч. «суррогатов»). К такому выводу пришла половина респондентов (52%).

Следствием увеличения налоговых сборов на алкогольную продукцию может быть и рост подпольной торговли спиртосодержащими жидкостями (39%).

Каждый третий участник опроса (34%) опасается роста смертности в результате алкогольных отравлений.

Однако, по мнению граждан России, у повышения акцизов есть и положительная сторона: так, пятая часть опрошенных указала на рост налоговых поступлений в бюджет (22%).

Кроме того, предрекают  сокращение потребления алкоголя в целом (12%), а также снижение доступности спиртного для несовершеннолетних (10%).

 

 

Олег Усманов

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